Orthodontic treatment is to align the teeth to improve appearance and function. It can also improve facial esthetics and function of jaw muscles. Your orthodontist can bring the teeth to the desired position by exerting gentle pressure on them for months or even years, with braces or other devices.
Your dentist may do himself some basic orthodontic treatment or refer you to a Phoenix orthodontist, a specialist who has two or three years of extra university training in the field.
What Your Orthodontist Needs To Uncover
There are many factors that can change the size and position of your teeth and your jaw. The crooked teeth can be “run in your family.” The habit of thumb sucking can affect the position of the teeth. On the loss of one or more teeth, remaining teeth may move and move.
Whatever the cause, your dentist or orthodontist can treat:
- overlapped teeth
- misaligned teeth
- an overbite, an underbite and an overjet
- an overbite
- too much space between teeth
- the consequences of extra or missing teeth
It is important to address these problems because crooked, crowded or advanced teeth affect your appearance and self-confidence, sometimes preventing the person to smile.
The misaligned teeth causes joint problems. They can make it hard to chew certain foods and cause premature wear of the teeth. It can also cause muscle tension and pain.
The Crowded and crooked teeth are difficult to clean, which can promote tooth decay and gum disease. The teeth in the forward position can chip or break easily.
The treatment of some orthodontic problems should start even before all permanent teeth (or adult) appear. To find out if your child is likely to have orthodontic problems, your dentist or orthodontist can be subjected, at the age of 7 years, an orthodontic screening to catch problems at the stage of development. This is called interceptive orthodontics.
Orthodontic problems can be treated in several ways. Your dentist or orthodontist will determine which treatment method is best for you.
1. The braces
The splint is the main tool for orthodontic treatment. It consists of four elements:
the bracket or band (the metal ring) that attaches to each tooth;
cement or bonding material that attaches the bracket to each tooth;
the son in an arc that fits into all the anchor points;
rubber bands or wire ties that hold the wire in place.
Your dentist or orthodontist may recommend other treatments before, during or after the establishment of braces or even other types of treatment that do not require braces to correct your orthodontic problem.
2. The extra-oral anchorage
The extra-oral anchorage guide teeth and jaws of a growing child. It can be worn before braces are in place or at any time of orthodontic treatment. There are different types of anchoring. Your dentist or orthodontist will show you how to insert and tell you how long to wear it every day.
3. Removable appliances
Removable appliances are not as precise as braces, but they can move one or more teeth. Your dentist or orthodontist will install them. These can be worn:
before braces are in place;
together with splints;
own to treat specific orthodontic problems.
Retainers keep teeth in place after braces have been removed. They may be removable or fixed to the teeth. Your dentist or Phoenix orthodontist will tell you if you need to bring your camera at any time or only part of the day.
5. Oral surgery
Tooth removal may be necessary if one or teeth overlap or are in very bad position.
When the volume or position of the upper and lower jaws do not match at all, the maxillo-facial surgery (or orthognathic surgery) can improve the situation. It allows a better relationship between the jaws.
If your orthodontist thinks surgery is best for you, it will return you to a specialist in oral and maxillo-facial surgery.